Pre colonial urbanization in Nigeria

Nigera: A unique example of community based forest

Urbanization in Nigeria

Nigeria. To this end, attempt was made here to classify the process and features of urbanization in Nigeria into three broad political dispensations: pre-colonial, colonial and post-independence era. 3.1.1 Urbanization in the Pre-Colonial Er Be that as it may, pre-freedom Nigeria had a low urban populace and in addition urban populace development. As at 1921, just ten Nigerian settlements had urban status and by 1931 just two urban communities, Lagos and Ibadan had populaces more than a hundred thousand individuals each. Post-freedom Nigeria saw more quick rate of urbanization

The Colonial and Pre-Colonial Eras in Nigeria. This project is based on the goal of explaining an event in the relatively recent past by working progressively further into the past to uncover more and more information that seems to bear on the issues. Even though the effort to create Biafra came out of the context of the challenges of. In the pre-colonial regions that now comprise Nigeria, hundreds of groups existed who spoke over 248 languages (Coleman, 1958, 14-15). Individuals studying Nigerian history continually engage in ongoing debates on the role of ethnic, state based, or kinship based identities of the people and communities who lived throughout the pre-colonial past pre-colonial urbanization in nigeria; effects of urbanisation in lagos; history of urbanization in nigeria; What is urban planning? Urban planning is a process of arranging and designing and organizing a city and space for different activities. Urban planning is an aspect of, or a branch of architecture. It deals with plan that has to do with. other pre-colonial Yoruba urban anchor, the palace, also retained rel-evance.2 However, just as Mapo Hall was hardly representative of pre-colonial architecture, the chiefship and the disputes it invariably took on were hardly a continuation of the contradictions of some pre-colonial constitution. The vitality of the internal commercia

Trends in Urbanisation: Implication for Planning and Low

The main 'Nigerian' empire was the Yoruba Empire, which is located in modern day Nigeria and is what I'm going to highlight. Within the Yoruba Empire there are three states/kingdoms; State of Ife, Kingdom of Benin and the Kingdom of Oyo. The State of Ife was established roughly around 1100 CE strategically in the southern area of Nigeria This paper uses land use data and the literature to examine the pattern of land usage in Benin City, Nigeria. A graphic 'polymeric' model of the city's land use pattern is then developed which should serve as a useful insight for generaliz- ing land use patterns in pre-colonial cities in Nigeria. Dr Ikhuoria can be contacted at the Faculty of. During the 1970s Nigeria had possibly the fastest urbanization growth rate in the world. Because of the great influx of people into urban areas, the growth rate of urban population in Nigeria in 1986 was estimated to be close to 6 percent per year, more than twice that of the rural population

As the population of Nigeria increased from 30.4 million in 1952 and 1953 to 55.6 million in 1963, then to 88.5 millions in 1991 and 107.2 millions in 1997, the number of urban centers and their population also increased tremendously as a result of the influx of migrants (people's movement) from rural areas to urban areas Ezeani (2001) The States that have demonstrated the highest levels of GDP per capita in 2010, more closely resemble the pre-colonial and colonial urban structures as opposed to the post-colonial one. This raises questions as to the relationship between urbanization and economic development in Nigeria; a topic explored in detail in Fox et al. ( 2017 ) History of Nigeria (1500 - 1800) The history of the territories which since ca. 1900 have been known under the name of Nigeria during the pre-colonial period (16th to 18th centuries) was dominated by a number of powerful West African kingdoms or empires, such as the Edo Benin Empire and the Islamic Kanim Borno Empire in the north and west, and the Igbo kingdom of Onitsha in the southeast and. 3. Urbanization in Africa in the Pre-colonial Era Urbanization has been widespread in Africa for centuries before the arrival of Europeans. But the concept of urbanization in Africa has been widely misconceived as having been the result of European colonization. This misconception assum

Pre Colonial Urbanization In Nigeria Essays and Research Papers . 21 - 30 of 500 . Nigeria. NIGERIA The Federal Republic of Nigeria comprises thirty six states and its Federal Capital Territory is Abuja. Nigeria is located in West Africa and shares land borders with the Republic of Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger. Pre-colonial Nigeria The first point to note is that the pre-colonial epoch was not a static era during which all social and political systems existed in a finished and final form. In other words, different types of state systems and societies existed. There were kingdoms, empires, statelets, principalities, city-state Key words: Town planning, Nigeria, colonial, Hausa cities. INTRODUCTION The colonial period in Nigeria (1897-1960), has remained as a landmark era of town planning in the country. There was a transition from traditional informal town planning during the pre-colonial era to the establishment o Rather, pre-colonial Nigeria comprised of several empires whose existence dates as far back as the 12th century C.E, each with its own elaborate trading network and complex political system. Although not much is known about the early societies that existed prior to the 12 th century, various Nigerian groups explain their origins through legends.

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Pre-colonial administration of the Igbo society. This was the period before the infiltration of the whites into the hinterlands of Nigeria in the 18th century. Pre-colonial administration therefore, was a type of traditional government that existed before the coming of colonialism in Nigeria. It was a government based on the customs and. Nigeria were living under different administration or political arrangements. However, thepre-colonial Nigeria symbolises the methods or ways by which Nigerians govern themselves before the advent of colonialism. It means traditional systems preceded the era of colonialism. From the same position, the pre-colonial Nigeria varies from one region. The leather workers in the pre-colonial Nigeria were also widespread. The tanners treated the leather using chemicals and dyes locally produced. In Nigeria, acacia and gabagaba plants were mixed with the ash in a water bowl and the skin was soaked in to enhance easy removal of the hair. The cobblers used the dyed hide Colonial Nigeria was the era in the history of Nigeria when Nigeria was ruled by the United Kingdom from the mid-nineteenth century until 1960 when Nigeria achieved independence. British influence in the region began with the prohibition of slave trade to British subjects in 1807. Britain annexed Lagos in 1861 and established the Oil River Protectorate in 1884 in postcolonial Nigeria is alarming, particularly during the 1988 koko toxic dump era. Pre-colonial Nigeria societies and the colonial Nigeria era witnessed a safer environmental living condition better than the post colonial era. Even though the technological advancement of Nigeria in the Pre-colonial Nigeria and the colonial Nigeria era were.

PRE-COLONIAL RELATIONS AMONG THE YORUBAS' IN NIGERIA. PRE-COLONIAL RELATIONS AMONG THE YORUBA. TABLE OF CONTENTS Certification ii Dedication iii Acknowledgement iv Table of Contents v CHAPTER ONE Introduction 1 CHAPTER TWO: Historical Background of the Yorubas 15 CHAPTER THREE Pre-Colonial Political Relations Among the Yorubas 33 CHAPTER FOU Pre-colonial systems in Nigeria witnessed a lot of alterations at the advent of the British colonial masters. Several traditional rulers tried to protect and preserve the political organisation of their kingdoms or empires but later gave up after much pressure and threat from the colonial masters. Colonialism had a great impact on every pre. To examine the growth and development of the Yoruba in the pre-colonial period. To examine the nature of relations among the Yoruba in the pre-colonial period. To look at the various Yoruba sub-groups and the basis of their relations. Scope. This research study intends to give a detailed analysis of the pre-colonial relations among the Yoruba

Urbanization and Housing for Low-Income Earners in Nigeria

Urbanization and citification in pre-colonial Africa saw the birth of ancient cities like Kumbi Saleh in old Ghana, Timbuktu in Mali among others. The Coal City, Enugu internationally ranked today as the 553rd developed city of the world came into being in 1909 as a result of the discovery and mining of coal in Udi hill Urbanization in Nigeria is divided into four phases and they include: the pre-colonial (before 1900), colonial (1900-1960), post-colonial (1961-1995) and contemporary (1996-to date) phase (Omuta, 2005). Although urban growth has been on in Nigeria since the pre-colonial period, the last four decades hav Pre-Colonial Administration In Nigeria. Before the coming of Europeans into Nigeria, the various ethnic groups were autonomous and had developed their governmental systems in such a way that it reflected the culture, beliefs and traditions of the different areas. The three dominant ethnic groups comprising the Hausa-Fulani, the Igbo and Yoruba. numerous urban centres in the South Western and northern parts of the country with historical roots stretching back to pre-colonial period. these urban centres still preserve their cultural and physical identities. fiGure 1: the mAP of niGeriA the oil boom of the 1970s, which brought massive improvements to road

History Of Nigeria Urbanizatio

The roofing-a pitched roofing, was the commonest design found across the pre-colonial Igbo communities. To build such, the skeletal framework of the roof is first weaved using bamboo poles or. pre-colonial settlements and colonial urban policies which centred on restricting migration and African urban life. The formal method of plot acquisition, based on legal concepts and administrative systems introduced by colonial and post colonial government was meant to bring a new land reform in Nigeria. However, they hav

The Colonial and Pre-Colonial Eras in Nigeria AH


  1. Nigeria has three identifiable urban development phases, namely the pre-colonial, the colonial, and the post-colonial phases. All the phases typically left their mark on the Nigerian urban landscape. For instance, while traditional urbanization generally left a legacy of congested and substandard housing conditions in the inner city, rapid.
  2. Within British colonial Nigeria and Ghana, the quality of formal state-level institutions was the same for all ethnic groups. The relation between precolonial slave intensity and colonial literacy must reflect something more basic, operating at the level of families or the informal institutions of villages and towns
  3. The Pre-colonial Benin Empire was located in southern Nigeria with Edo (now known as Benin City) as its capital. The Benin Empire was one of the oldest and most highly developed states in the coastal hinterland of West Africa, dating back to the eleventh century The Edo people were the founders and settlers of the [

The Pre-Colonial Administration In Nigeria. Pre-colonial era in Nigeria is the period of Nigerian history before the official establishment of colonial government. Historical evidence shows that some Nigeria's such as the Bini Kingdom, had contacts with the Europeans circa between 1472-1846 AD, and these were the Portuguese Urban planning education is a discipline that has its roots in Nigeria's pre-colonial history which came into existence due to the industrial revolution. The origin of planning education in Nigeria is tied to the major stages in human and environmental development. Urban planning is a discipline that deals with the spatial arrangement of. Colonialism and the Post- Colonial Nigeria: Complexities and (1975) provides the conflicting identity between the colonial urban and the rural African in analyzing the dilemma of two publics. the problems of evolving true federalism, exact census figures, equal state structure etc The spread of overt colonial control led to the first and only time that the ethnic groups in modern Nigeria came together under a commonly felt sense of national identity. The Africans began to see themselves not as Hausas, Igbos, or Yorubas, but as Nigerians in a common struggle against their colonial rulers

Historical Background and Pre-Colonial Nigeria. Nigeria is situated on a landmass of about 925,000 hectares in the western part of Africa. With a population of about 140 million people, it remains the most populous Black nation in the world having about 250 ethnic groups Food and Precolonial Nigeria By Lauren& Maggie Common Dishes Nigerian food recipes come mainly from cassava, plantain, yam, cocoyam, millet, beans, maize, or rice, served with a typical Nigerian soup or stew. Crops such as corn, yams and sweet potatoes from the base of the diet Precolonial Nigeria was before the coerced cession of Lagos Island by King Dosunmu to representatives of Queen of England in 1861. It was not named Nigeria. There were Benin Empire, Oyo Empire, Kwararafa Emipre, the Emirates of North under Sokoto.

Problems and Prospects of Urban Planning in Nigeri

  1. How Niger Area' now Nigeria Rule Herself Before Colonialism, The whites would tell you how Africa had nothing before they came to justify colonialism, Find.
  2. Rural-urban migration and urbanisation in particular is not new and predates the post-colonial Nigerian state. Cities such as Lagos, Port Harcourt, Kano, Katsina, and Sokoto played active roles in the worldwide commercial activities of the medieval period. As it was in the pre-colonial and colonial era, in post-colonial times these cities.
  3. e the economic roles of Nigeria women in the pre-colonial period. We begin by looking at their role in the area of trade during the period. Women and Trade In the pre-colonial period, a lot of trading activities took place between different groups and states in the area that later became known.

eventually become Nigeria. Colonial Justice Administration This period can be further classified into the pre-amalgamation and post-amalgamation period. The pre-amalgamation period covers the period between 1861 and 1914, when different parts of what is now known as Nigeria were administered by the British government or its subjects. The post Criminality and Escape in the Pre-colonial Period. 9 The little but enlightening documentation on the nature of crime in pre-colonial south-western Nigeria presents two discernible outlines in which to understand the problem and, invariably, the phenomenon of escape during this period. First is the nature of the crime committed and the. Nigeria - Nigeria - Nigeria as a colony: After the British government assumed direct control of the Royal Niger Company's territories, the northern areas were renamed the Protectorate of Northern Nigeria, and the land in the Niger delta and along the lower reaches of the river was added to the Niger Coast Protectorate, which was renamed the Protectorate of Southern Nigeria

Yoruba pre-colonial political administration in Nigeria. The political head of every Yoruba kingdom is the Oba but that of the Oyo and Ife Kingdoms goes with the title Alafin and Ooni respectively. The Alafin as the political head of the Oyo Kingdom is assisted by his son called the Aremo, who is not allowed to succeed him immedatly he dies Features of Ilorin Pre-colonial Economy As was the case with most of the societies in pre-colonial Nigeria, the Ilorin emirate in the period before colonial rule was characterized by series of economic activities. These included trade and commerce, manufacturing in various forms, agriculture, bead making, cloth weaving and dyeing The Hausa/Fulani pre-colonial political administration was a highly centralised one with the Emir possessing almost all the powers. This was one of the main reasons why the Indirect Rule System was very successful in the Northern part of Nigeria (Hausa/Fulani empire). If you have questions, kindly use the comment box below Nigeria's History of Politics and Global Relations -The Pre-colonial Period. Introduction There is one central problem that we must clear up before starting to talk about Nigerian history. Actually, what we know as Nigeria today only dates back to 1914, when Great Britain grouped the northern and southern regions of Nigeria into a single colony

study evaluates the guild system in pre-colonial South-western Nigeria with emphasis on its forms, operational guidelines, features, activities and membership criteria in different parts of Yorubaland. The study which employs primary and secondary sources for its analysis, argues that the guild system played a very unique role in the process of. the following notable pre-colonial systems in Nigeria. The notables he noted are the Yoruba, Hausa/Fulani and Igbo pre-colonial political system. There is therefore a tendency as Coleman(1986) noted for the smaller and more fragmented groups to lose their identity and gravitate toward th This collection of original essays examines different aspects of historical experience in Nigeria and the adjacent regions from the beginning of agricultural communities about 6,000 B.C. to the eve of colonial rule in the mid-nineteenth century. The volume is the first comprehensive book on the different approaches and themes in Nigeria's pre-colonial history, and it is informed throughout by.

Pre-colonial Nigerian History AFR 110: Intro to

  1. A Few Images of Precolonial West African Women. July 11, 2010. December 4, 2015. cosmicyoruba 62 Comments 13746 views. Below are some images Sugabelly put up on FB a while ago that I'm reposting here with her graceful permission. While writing about Nigerian historical dramas, I thought the point I was trying to make there would go down.
  2. THE INTERGROUP RELATIONS IN PRE-COLONIAL, COLONIAL AND POST-COLONIAL EASTERN NIGERIA CHAPTER ONE. INTRODUCTION. BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY. As an area of study, intergroup relations appears to be one of the recent themes in African historiography.1 Intergroup relations has been rationalised by behavioural scientists like M. Sherif and C. W. Sherif, from the social psychology perspective
  3. history - non centralized states in pre colonial nigeria ss1. history - non centralized states in pre colonial nigeria ss1
  4. Let us go back in time. Pick a day in the 1900s just before Nigeria's Independence Day. Now, we are going to take a walk along Old Marina or Broad Street in Lagos

Taxation in Pre Colonial Nigeria. Taxes are as old as the history of organised human society. During the reign of the Pharaohs in Egypt tax collectors were called scribes and taxes were collected on various items including cooking oil.1 In the ancient Greek city of Athens, taxes were especially important in times of war The Fulani Question in Nigeria (II) By. Iliyasu Gadu. Sun Feb 21 2021. In 1903 about a hundred years after the Jihad of 1804, British colonizing forces toppled the ancien Sokoto caliphate established by Othman dan Fodio following the defeat of Sultan Mohammed Attahiru in a place called Mbormi located in present day Gombe state History of Policing in Pre-Colonial and Colonial Nigeria. Prior to the onset of colonization by the British in 1861, traditional African policing methods were rooted in the community and closely.

The History of Agriculture in Nigeria from the Colonial Era to the Present Day. The agricultural history of Nigeria is intertwined with its political history. This is discussed broadly in the context of the varying constitutional frame works, viz: Colonial, the Internal Self Government and the Post-1960 periods, according to sectors pre-colonial Nigeria suffered a subtle downgrading as the rural-urban migration increased in search of a better life, leaving the rural settings in oblivion. However, the most enduring imposition of the colonial administration in Nigeria was the transfer of political authority While rural-urban migration is probably not the main contributor to overall urban population growth in Nigeria, it nevertheless continues to play an important role in urbanisation (defined narrowly as the urban proportion of total population). Nigeria also exhibits very different regional dynamics: fertility rates ar

A Brief History of Nigeria's Urban System The contemporary history of Nigeria can ultimately be divided into three periods: the pre-colonial period (before 1854), the colonial period (1854-1960),andthe post-colonialperiod(1960todate).Duringthepre-colonialperiod,themajorityofNigeria' This paper examines the responses of households located in urban frontiers of Ogbo-moso, a pre-colonial though rapidly expanding city situated in S.W. Nigeria, to negativities of city expansion such as the increasing shortage of farmland, rising land rent/price, in-creasing house rents and food expenses, as well as basic services Humanity & Social Sci. J., 1 (1): 42-64, 2006 45 one of the pre-colonial urban centres in Nigeria [6], Developed land increased from only 100 ha in 1830 to 12 km2 in 1931, 30 km 2 in 1963, 112 km 2 in 1973, 136 km 2 in 1981 and 214 km in 1988. Similarly, in 1856, the population was estimate

Urban land use patterns in a traditional Nigerian City: A

However, the pre-colonial Nigeria symbolises the methods or ways by which Nigerians govern themselves before the advent of colonialism. It means traditional systems preceded the era of colonialism. From the same position, the pre-colonial Nigeria varies from one region the the other because the ethnic and ethno-linguistic differences Nigeria has changed in a lot of ways and will be talking about how it's religion and gender roles have changed, during pre colonial and post colonial eras Pre Colonial Religion: In our book Things Fall Apart ,Achebe ( author ) describes their religion in through the life of the people of Umuofi

Colonial Rule. • Planning Overview • Pre-colonial physical planning administration administered through traditional institutions and communal ownership. • 1863 Town Improvement Ordinance was a response to the need to control development • Nigeria Urban and Regional Planning Law by decree no. 88 of 1992 on 15th December, 1992 Pre-Colonial Nigeria. Largest group of people living in Southeastern Nigeria. Live in scattered groups of villages and all speak one language. Origin is unknown but are thought to have descended from either people who previously lived there or from those that migrated from the north and wes colonial masters in Nigeria, Ekeh (2004:21): Under British colonial rule, in the old Provincial Administration of Eastern Nigeria before 1950, the component ethnic groups developed separately. Igbos were largely separated from the Ijaw, the Efik and the Ibibios in Calabar province and several other small ethnic groups in Ogoj PRE-COLONIAL RELATIONS AMONG YORUBAS' IN NIGERIA . CHAPTER ONE. INTRODUCTION. 1.1 Background of the Study. The Yoruba stretch on the West from around the area of Badagry to Warri and Inland until they almost reach the Niger around latitude 9oN. Indeed, certain parts of the Niger formed the boundary between it and Nupe Women and the economy in pre-colonial Nigeria / Gloria Thomas Emeagweli Aspects of precolonial indigeneous [sic] science and technology among the Etsako of Edo State / B.J.E. Etsueli Aspects of indigenous science and technology in precolonial Nigeria / O.N. Njoku


  1. Historical analysis of Nigeria state: pre-colonial era (Eastern Nigeria) 16. The roles or functions of traditional rulers ( Obi etc in the pre-colonial political system) 17. Comparison of the pre-colonial political system of Yoruba, Igbo and Hausa - Fulani ethnic Groups. Hausa - Fulani and Yoruba Igb
  2. ed to represent their country in a way that would truthfully depict the past and present. Before the arrival of the first wave writers, the history of pre-colonial Africa was portrayed as a place of barbarous activity
  3. The date that ends the pre-colonial era in Nigeria is up for debate. As there were so many different territories that made Nigeria, they all became colonies at different times. Thus, we will consider all the events until the very last date. Read also. Interesting facts about 10 oldest men in the Bible
  4. Nigeria History in Pre-colonial times - IGBO people. The Igbo people have variously been described as segmentary or acephalous people. This is because the people had no centralized states and operated a kind of government without kings. The history of the people just like most Nigerian societies has been the subject of much speculation

For the past two weeks, cities acr oss Nigeria were hit by protests against the notorious Special Anti-Robbery Squad (SARS), a police unit setup in 1992 to fight armed robberies. The anti-SARS protesters are calling for the unit's disbandment, due to its high-handedness, extra-judicial killings, extortion, and numerous human rights abuses Hausa-Fulani pre-colonial administration. The ethnic group called Hausa-Fulani resides in northern Nigeria, and currently, the geographical location of it includes the Nigerian states like Sokoto, Kaduna, Zaria, Kano, and Katsina. The pre-colonial administration in Hausa-Fulani land had a complicated structure and was strongly centralized Pre-colonial pockets of political influence have disappeared and become mainly symbolic in nature. The dominant narrative surrounding colonisation today is that it was a historical event. Colonisation happened and then it ended on 1 October 1960, when Nigeria gained 'independence' from the British The volume is the first comprehensive book on the different approaches and themes in Nigeria's pre-colonial history, and it is informed throughout by interdisciplinary approaches that integrate archaeological data with oral historical narratives, historical ethnography, material culture, and documentary sources. urbanization, migrations.

Urbanization In Nigeria; Problems And Prospect

unemployment and poverty in Nigeria. The purpose of the work is to take a retrospective look at the entrepreneurship education from the pre-colonial era, colonial days and the post-independent Nigeria. The work will look at how entrepreneurship education fared during this periods, and how it was able to tackle th The pre-colonial era, in what later became known as Nigeria, witnessed elaborate systems of government in both the North and the West, more especially in the former. In the East, there was great fragmentation of the political system because the people abhorred autocratic rulership that could hold the people together by force

An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of Nigeria's Rapid

On the other hand, western education by the colonial masters was a sort of cover in that led to the imbalance in education in Nigeria between the South and the North due to the different educational policies in the two areas. It also created the problem of inequality between urban cities, such as Lagos, Enugu, Port-Harcourt and rural areas Yet, there are still basic elements of pre-colonial urban Africa that are worth preserving (or at least are adapting) to meet changing demands for better living standards. This paper focuses on the historical dilemma of building sustain-able environments. This will be done by analysing the ways i (i) Yoruba pre-colonial administration operated constitutional monarchy. The Oba-in-Council made the law, implemented the law, and settled cases. (ii)There existed a council of a senior chief, the seven hereditary Oyomesi led by Bashorun

The pattern of migration in Nigeria during the Colonial Period The major interest of the British in Nigeria had been to promote trade. With their effective occupation of the country, they took various steps to achieve these objectives. Three of the steps taken, substantially modified the pattern of migration within the country (Odumosu et.al 1976) Pre-colonial era. Traditional Nigerian music mainly involved learning how to play instruments, dancing, and singing. It associated with social, cultural, religious, and political systems. Young Nigerian boys learned how to play instruments so that they would attain good behaviors, attitudes, speech, actions, and traditions Historical Background Oduduwa according to legend is the founding father of the Yoruba race. They first settled at Ile-ife that is still believed to be the spiritual headquarters of the Yoruba's. Some of them later moved to Oyo, which became the political headquarters. Oduduwa gave birth to 7 sons, who became Oba's in the Start studying Nigeria I: The pre-colonial era and colonial Nigeria. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools Pre-colonial Transport Systems and the Development of Trading Activities Human Portage Human portage is the oldest and most wide spread form of transport in pre-colonial Kano. It involved carriage of goods by man at the same time as he transported himself, walking. The earliest means of transport is man himself. Man walks on foot, from place t