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Collar bone problem in babies in hindi

Newborn Clavicle (Collar Bone) Fractures: Diagnosis and

  1. A clavicle fracture is a break in the collar bone and occurs as a result of a difficult delivery or trauma at birth. Factors that may increase a risk for a clavicle fracture include the newborn being large in size, the newborn's shoulder getting stuck during delivery, a narrow birth canal, or the use of tools to assist with the delivery
  2. collar bone problem..!!!: hi mommies, my Lo is 3 months 4 weeks old.. n has excessive prob oh collar bone displacement which is commonly known as HASLI SIRAKNA/UTARNA as elders say.. is any one facin similar prob wt ur Lo..!!?? its a real pain as they cant feed once it happens. dr said it usually happens as the kis start to hold the head steady.. is someone else.
  3. Other clavicle abnormalities that can occur in both children and adults. anterior subluxation of the sternoclavicular joint. Friedrich disease ( osteonecrosis of medial clavicle) hypertrophic osteitis. chronic multifocal periosteitis and arthropathy. osteomyelitis
  4. connection between teething and diarrhea in babies in hindi; के दांत आना बच्चे के दांत की पहली समस्या teething in babies problems teething and diarrhea in toddlers teething and diarrhea in babies bacho me loose motion bacho ke dant aana baby diarrhea in hindi
  5. एसिड रिफ्लक्स के कारण - Acid Reflux Cause in Hindi. Acid Reflux (एसिड भाटा) पेट की असामान्यता (खराबी) से होता है, जिसका मुख्य कारण हाइटल हर्निया हो सकता है। यह तब होता है जब पेट और.

collar bone problem

Broken collarbones in children heal with few problems. But in a few cases, it might lead to some complications. Complications Of A Broken Collarbone In Children Broken collarbone may sometimes cause the following complications. Malunion: In a few cases, the fragments of a fracture may go out of place, and there is no healing. It could be a. Collarbone pain can be perceived as shoulder pain and sometimes neck pain. The most common causes of collarbone pain are related to injuries. However, collarbone pain can come on with or without injury, gradually or suddenly. The most common descriptions for collarbone pain are tender, throbbing, aching, dull, or stabbing A hernia happens because your baby's muscles haven't developed fully. Normally, the muscles across the tummy and pelvis form a sheet to hold in organs, including the gut, or intestines. But with a hernia, there is a gap in this wall. Tissues, fluid or even part of the intestine can push through this gap and create a bulge under the skin Breathing problems are common in infants and can arise immediately after a baby is born and continue for a few hours. But in some babies, breathing problems can be complex and may continue for long. There are several breathing problems that may affect an infant

For collarbone or shoulder pain a sling and swath can be used. I - Ice. Place a cold compress on the affected area. Never place ice directly on skin as this may cause cold burns and superficial tissue damage. Instead wrap an ice pack in a cloth or paper towel. Ice affected areas for around 10 minutes at a time The collarbone, or clavicle, is a long and thin bone that runs between the sternum and shoulder blade. It connects the arm to the body, and is situated near many nerves and blood vessels Get information on broken collarbone (clavicle) symptoms in newborns, children, teens, adults, and the elderly such as pain and bruising at the site of the fracture. First aid, treatment, and recovery time for a broken collarbone is provided Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, NJ, USA is a global healthcare leader working to help the world be well. From developing new therapies that treat and prevent disease to helping people in need, we are committed to improving health and well-being around the world. The Merck Manual was first published in 1899 as a service to the community

In an international literature review, the incidence of fractures due to child abuse was 4/10 000 among children younger than 18 months of age. Before 1 year of age, one out of every three fractures on average is non-accidental, compared to one of nine fractures before 18 months of age and one of 205 fractures between 19 months and 5 years of. A broken bone in a child is different from one in an adult, because young bones are more flexible and have a thicker covering, which makes them better able to absorb shock. Children's fractures rarely require surgical repair. They usually just need to be kept free of movement, most often through the use of a molded cast A clavicle bone lump can be caused by a variety of conditions. The most common source of a lump over the clavicle bone is a healing bone fracture. Sometimes the lump is a lipoma, or a harmless fatty tumor that settles on top of the collarbone. If the bump is located at either end of the clavicle, it could be caused by damage from osteoarthritis.

A baby is considered premature when they're born before 37 weeks of gestation. They may experience brain problems if they haven't fully matured A fracture of the collarbone (clavicle) is relatively common, occurring in 1 to 2% of newborns. Sometimes these fractures are not recognized until several days after birth when a lump of tissue forms around the fracture. Clavicle fractures do not seem to bother newborns and need no treatment. Healing is complete over a few weeks A broken collarbone is a common injury, particularly in children and young adults. Your collarbone connects the upper part of your breastbone to your shoulder blade. Common causes of a broken collarbone include falls, sports injuries and trauma from traffic accidents. Infants can sometimes break their collarbones during the birth process Google's free service instantly translates words, phrases, and web pages between English and over 100 other languages It usually happens that when baby starts solid foods, constipation problem happens in babies. To treat constipation, it is necessary to increase the liquid intake. So orange juice can work great to maintain good bowel movements. Preferred Age. After 6 months of age. #17. Pear Juice. Pear juice is an effective way to treat constipation in kids

Pediatric clavicle abnormalities Radiology Reference

  1. A runny nose is a common problem in babies. Their immature immune system takes a toll on their health. And a baby's constant urge to touch new things or put them in his mouth makes him more susceptible to catching infections. Where adults can simply pop in a pill and get over with a bout of cold or flu, it may not be the same for babies
  2. Babies suffering from gas problems is a major concern since their digestive system is under-developed. They inhale a lot of air while breast/bottle feeding, due to excessive crying and also during teething. This post gives you a detailed information about causes of gas problems and home remedies to treat gas in babies /toddlers
  3. Children can develop infections in their bones, joints, or muscles. The medical names for these conditions are osteomyelitis (bone infection), septic arthritis (joint infection), and pyomyositis (muscle infection). Prescribing antibiotics is the mainstay of treatment for infections

teething and diarrhea in babies: बच्‍चों के दांत आने पर क्

app permission problem in hindi | app permission setting | app permissions android | 2020 | mr saheba video language hindi a video pe bataya hai k aap kaise. Microtia is a birth defect of a baby's ear. A little one's ears begin to take shape in the womb in the second trimester. They're usually complete by 28 weeks. Sometimes, one or both ears don. Acid reflux or stomach problems. Eating too much or not enough. A sensitivity to formula or breast milk. Pressure or inflammation in their brain and nervous system. Eye trouble, like a scratch or. Signs and symptoms. IRDS begins shortly after birth and is manifested by fast breathing (more than 60 breaths per minute), a fast heart rate, chest wall retractions (recession), expiratory grunting, nasal flaring, and blue discoloration of the skin during breathing efforts. [citation needed]As the disease progresses, the baby may develop ventilatory failure (rising carbon dioxide.

एसिड रिफ्लक्स के कारण, लक्षण, जांच, इलाज, और परहेज - Acid

Anatomy. The sternoclavicular (SC) joint is the linkage between the clavicle (collarbone) and the sternum (breastbone). The SC joint supports the shoulder and is the only joint that connects the arm to the body. Like the other joints in the body, the SC joint is covered with a smooth, slippery substance called articular cartilage Clavicle Shaft Fracture - Pediatric. Clavicle Shaft Fractures are common pediatric fractures that most commonly occur due to a fall on an outstretched arm or direct trauma to lateral aspect of shoulder. Diagnosis can be made with plain radiographs. Treatment is generally nonoperative management with a sling. Surgical management is indicated for. Problems. Mild and transient feeding problems occur in 25% to 35% of young children while severe and chronic feeding problems occur in 1% to 2%. 1 Common conditions include overeating, poor eating, feeding behaviour problems and unusual or unhealthy food choices. Although medical disorders and inappropriate food selection can result in feeding. As the illness continues, the baby may -. Tiredness, weakness, lethargy, sleepiness, inactivity. Develop a fever and gets a pale and sweaty skin. Diarrhea. Appear to go into shock, a life-threatening medical problem in which lack of blood flow to the body's organs causes the heart to beat quickly and blood pressure to drop

Broken Collarbone In Children: Causes, Symptoms & Treatmen

  1. Gag reflex is triggered in babies and toddlers when the soft palate at the back of their throat is stimulated by milk or food particles. As a result, their throat gets choked completely and they push out the tongue. Thus the food inside the mouth comes out. Both newborns as well as older babies may have this problem
  2. Click for pdf: Pediatric Fractures Introduction The anatomy and biomechanics of pediatric bone differ from that of adult bone, leading to unique pediatric fracture patterns, healing mechanisms, and management. In comparison to adult bone, pediatric bone is significantly less dense, more porous and penetrated throughout by capillary channels
  3. Collarbone pain is common. Some causes are easy to manage, while others require emergency treatment. Learn more about symptoms and when to see a doctor
  4. Detection: All babies in the U.S. are tested for the disease soon after birth. Symptoms: A child with PKU is missing a crucial enzyme that breaks down a protein called phenylalanine that is found.
  5. Osteolysis of the shoulder (distal clavicle), sometimes also called AC joint osteolysis or weight lifter's shoulder affects the acromioclavicular joint (AC joint), at the top of the shoulder. The AC joint is where the acromion - a part of the scapula (shoulder blade) meets the clavicle (collarbone) at its distal (outer) end

Premature babies often have more health problems (like hearing loss) at birth and later in life than babies born full term. Low birthweight is when a baby is born weighing less than 5 pounds, 8 ounces. Learn more about things you can do to help reduce your risk for premature birth. Problems with the way the ears, head or face develop A swollen clavicle may also be seen as a result of infection, inflammation in diseases such as arthritis, and cancer, where lymph nodes above the clavicle are sometimes involved. A radiograph can show whether a collarbone is broken, dislocated, or normal. Probably the most common cause of a swollen clavicle is a fracture, or breakage, of the bone The anomaly scan, also commonly called as the level II scan or the TIFFA (Targeted Imaging for Fetal Anomalies) scan, is the most important scan of the second trimester. This mid-pregnancy scan takes a close look at your baby and your womb (uterus). It is done between 18 and 20 weeks of pregnancy. The main purpose of the scan is to check that. Broken collarbone. A broken collarbone, or fractured clavicle, is a common injury. It usually happens after a fall or a blow to the shoulder. It takes about 6 to 8 weeks to heal in adults, and 3 to 6 weeks in children. The collarbone is a long, slender bone that runs from the breastbone to each shoulder. You can feel it at the top of your chest.

Children may fracture their collarbone when playing or falling out of bed. Weakness in the collar bone from conditions such as osteoporosis or cancer can also lead to a clavicle fracture. A broken collarbone is one of the most common acute (sudden) shoulder injuries and the most common fracture seen in children Your baby may pass a stool after each feeding. The number of bowel movements may go down as your baby eats more and matures during that first month. By 6 weeks of age, your baby may not have a bowel movement every day. This usually isn't a problem as long as your baby seems comfortable and is healthy and growing, and as long as the stools aren. common behavioral problem faced in children. though there are hundreds of behavioral problems, but here we are discussing just few important ones. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising If an ectopic kidney is discovered, it is usually found during a fetal ultrasound—an imaging test that uses sound waves to create a picture of how a baby is developing in the womb—or during medical tests done to check for a urinary tract infection or to find the cause of abdominal pain. Rarely does a person have two ectopic kidneys

Collarbone Pain: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatmen

Hernia in babies and toddlers - BabyCenter Indi

Collar bone pain is a common problem and can be due to a number of different issues. The clavicle bone itself may be broken or suffering from wear and tear, the surrounding ligaments injured or occasionally there may be something more sinister going on India is a horrible country and culture. Indian parents try to cripple their children so they never leave them and they call this crippling, love. By crippling their children they have someone to take care of them when they are old and who will do exactly what they want in life. It is a form of torture. It is so selfish For younger children, the child responds to the sounds by playing a game. In children less than 2½ years old, audiometry is also used as a rough screening test to rule out significant hearing loss. An observer watches the infant's or toddler's body movements in response to sounds. This test cannot determine which ear has a problem or whether. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that each year about 1,025 babies in the United States are born with hypoplastic left heart syndrome.1 In other words, about 1 out of every 3,841 babies born in the United States each year is born with hypoplastic left heart syndrome Problem of Child Labour in India. Child labourers are exploited, exposed to hazardous work conditions and paid a pittance for their long hours of work. Forced to forego education, shouldering responsibilities far beyond their years, becoming worldly- wise when their peers have yet to leave the cocoons of parental protection, these children.

Malnutrition in India. Providing all people with access to healthy food is a challenge for every country, including India. Despite India's 50% increase in GDP since 2013, more than one third of the world's malnourished children live in India. Among these, half of the children under three years old are underweight Clavicle fractures are most common in children and young adults, typically occurring in persons younger than 25 years. Its superficial location, its thin midshaft, and the forces transmitted. Pediatric shoulder radiograph (an approach) Dr Yuranga Weerakkody and Dr Jeremy Jones et al. Pediatric shoulder radiographs are usually performed after trauma in older children. However, seat-belt injuries during motor vehicle accidents can cause shoulder trauma at any age. Birth trauma may also be factor The urinary tract is composed of the kidneys, the ureters, the urinary bladder, and the urethra. Any disease of these structures is usually signaled by symptoms such as dysuria, that is, pain. Type 2 diabetes in children is a chronic disease that affects the way your child's body processes sugar (glucose). Without treatment, the disorder causes sugar to build up in the blood, which can lead to serious long-term consequences. Type 2 diabetes occurs more commonly in adults. In fact, it used to be called adult-onset diabetes

Identification and Assessment. Timely identification of impairments, a secondary prevention, can reduce the impact of the impairment on the functional level of the individual and also in checking the impairments from becoming a disabling condition. Initially they need to be identified as soon as possible at home by the parents and outside (in. Lead Education Materials. The California Department of Public Health's Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Branch has developed lead education materials in multiple languages for parents and families, health care provider offices, child care givers, businesses and organizations, and others interested in preventing lead exposure in children 8 tongue twisters to pronounce the letter R. Here are 8 well-known tongue twisters that will help your child pronounce the letter R properly: Rory's lawn rake rarely rakes really right. A really leery Larry rolls readily to the road. Revelers revel in leveling levels. Jerry's jelly berries taste really rare Behavior Problems in Adolescents. Adolescence is a time for developing independence. Typically, adolescents exercise their independence by questioning or challenging their parents' rules, which at times leads to rule breaking. Parents and health care practitioners must distinguish occasional errors of judgment from a degree of misbehavior that. The clavicle shares its oncological characteristics with flat bones and not with other long bones. Clavicular tumours are important, however, because the majority are malignant , and the diagnosis may be delayed because of a low level of suspicion. The clavicle is an unusual bone in more ways than one . It is the only long bone whose anatomical.

Colicky pain can occur in babies and adults, though it is caused by different things in babies than it is in older people. Colic in most babies improves around four months of age. In adults, the. This is usually the result of acute significant food shortage and/or disease. According to the Global Nutrition Report 2018, India also accounted for 25.5 million children out of the 50.5 million children who are wasted globally, or half of the global wasting burden, followed by Nigeria (3.4 million) and Indonesia (3.3 million) Lifting the baby under the arms causes the child pain. Sometimes, the fracture can be felt with the fingers, but the problem often can't be seen or felt. Within a few weeks, a hard lump may develop where the bone is healing. This lump may be the only sign that the newborn had a broken collar bone. Exams and Tests About 400 children are diagnosed with osteosarcoma each year. The disease usually occurs in the long bones, such as the arms (humerus), legs (femur/tibia) and pelvis. It rarely occurs in the jaw and fingers, but often occurs at the ends of these bones near growth plates. Osteosarcoma affects children most often between 10 and 25 years of age Your collarbone (or clavicle) is the bone that runs horizontally between the top of your breastbone ( sternum ) and shoulder blade (scapula). You can feel your collarbone by touching the area between your neck and your shoulder. A broken collarbone, also called a clavicle fracture, is when this bone breaks

Swelling of the collar bone is a symptoms of some underlying problem. It can occur on its own but is often accompanied by other symptoms, such as: Pain. Tenderness. Restricted shoulder and arm movements. Reddish skin, which is warm to the touch. Numbness or tingling in the arm of the affected region Signs and Symptoms of Tetralogy of Fallot. Tetralogy of Fallot is most often diagnosed in the first few weeks of life due to either a loud murmur or cyanosis. Babies with tetralogy of Fallot usually have a patent ductus arteriosus at birth that provides additional blood flow to the lungs, so severe cyanosis is rare early after birth.. As the ductus arteriosus closes, which it typically will in. 6 Common Ear Problems in Children. Written and reviewed by. Dr.Sunil Aggarwal 92% (28ratings) MBBS, MS - ENT, DNB . ENT Specialist, Gurgaon • 21years experience. The ear is made up of three parts that is outer, middle and the inner part. Infections, disorders and ailments in the ear can occur across all age groups and in any part of the ear Your baby may vomit, cry inconsolably, feed poorly, or have a fever -- and you should take him to the E.R. immediately. Hydrocele What it is: A hydrocele is yet another problem of the inguinal.

Baby Breathing Problem: Causes, SIgns & Treatmen

Breathing Problems in Babies. Breathing problems in babies or children are not uncommon, especially in the winter months. Normally they are mild but they can be dangerous. If you are seriously concerned, call an ambulance. Breathing problems are an important aspect of your kids health and it is important to know what to look out for Causes of malnutrition in babies and young children. Malnutrition isn't a disease or disorder. Instead, think of it as a sign that a baby or child is undernourished and can't grow or gain enough weight. There's often a misunderstanding that malnutrition means a child isn't getting enough nutrition

14 Common Causes of Collarbone Pain and How to Treat The

Strain, cool and give it as a soup. #31. Jaggery, cumin and black pepper in warm water. This concoction is effective for cold, cough and sore throat in babies. Restrict the dosage of 1-2 teaspoons to once a day as jaggery is hot by nature. Jaggery powder - 1 to 2 teaspoon. Cumin seeds - a pinch Osgood-Schlatter disease (also known as OSD) refers to pain isolated to the bump just below the front of the knee in active, growing children (usually aged 9-13 years). This bump is a bony prominence known as the tibial tubercle (or tibial tuberosity), occurring where the patellar tendon meets the upper end of the tibia Kohler disease is a condition that affects a bone at the arch of the foot called the tarsal navicular bone. X-rays show that this bone is initially compressed and later breaks into pieces before healing and hardening back into bone. It occurs most frequently in children between the ages of 5 and 10 years. Signs and symptoms of the condition include swelling, redness and/or tenderness of the. This rash is the most recognized feature of fifth disease. It is more common in children than adults. Some people may get a second rash a few days later on their chest, back, buttocks, or arms and legs. The rash may be itchy, especially on the soles of the feet. It can vary in intensity and usually goes away in seven to 10 days, but it can come.

Lump on collarbone: Symptoms, causes, and treatmen

Consider the possibility of other common causes. Absent other evidence, a stomach virus should be your first guess for the cause of vomiting. However, other illnesses and even simple childhood activities can bring it on. If your child has a respiratory infection, such as a common cold, sometimes this can lead to vomiting because of continuous coughing and the drainage of mucus into the stomach ITP can cause bruises and/or small purple or red spots on the skin (petechiae), in addition to nosebleeds, bleeding gums and blood in the urine or stools. Another possible complication is bleeding in the brain. While rare, such life threatening bleeding most often occurs in children with ITP within the first 12 months following diagnosis A clavicle fracture is a break in the collarbone. You have two clavicles, each connecting a shoulder to the upper chest. Broken collarbones are common, often happening from a fall, sports injury or car accident. Although a broken clavicle is painful, most people don't need surgery. Physical therapy can help reduce stiffness and rebuild strength Older children. Strain of the muscles or ligaments of the spine due to a repeated movement (for example, sports, dancing). A slipped disc, Scheuermann's disease (a condition in which uneven growth of the small bones (vertebrae) making up the spine causes curvature of the spine)

Broken Collarbone: Recovery Time, Symptoms & Surger

Osteosarcoma is the most common type of bone cancer in children. Tumours mostly occur in the bones on either side of the knee and in the upper arm. Symptoms may include bone pain, swelling, redness and bone fracture. Osteosarcoma mainly affects children and young adults under the age of 25 and has a survival rate of 65% Click for pdf: Common pediatric bone diseases General Presentation Background: It is not uncommon for children to present with fractures after experiencing trauma. However, children may also present with pathological fractures, which are fractures that occur in abnormal bones and typically occur during routine activity or after minor trauma The transverse lie position is where the baby's head is on one side of the mother's body and the feet on the other, rather than having the head closer to the cervix or the heart. The baby can also be slightly at an angle, but still more sideways than up or down. Before birth, your baby is in many different positions in the uterus

Pneumothorax in the Newborn - Children's Health Issues

With chromosomal problems, something goes awry during conception and an embryo gets the wrong number of chromosomes (too many or too few). This may eventually result in miscarriage. Not all babies with the wrong number of chromosomes are miscarried, though. For example, babies with trisomy 21 have Down's syndrome Heart problems are threatening enough in adults, but they could be especially problematic during childhood, even though they're rare during this phase. Parents must be well-aware of the many symptoms of heart disease so as to keep their children protected. These are the main symptom of heart diseases in children during different age groups Young children have a higher risk for exposure because they have frequent hand-to-mouth activity, and they absorb lead more easily than do adults. Toys are important source of children's exposure to lead. Lead is a problem in toys for two reasons: (a) the toy may be painted with leaded paint; and (b) the toy itself is made of lead Cleidocranial dysostosis is a congenital condition, which means it is present from before birth. The condition affects girls and boys equally. People with cleidocranial dysostosis have a jaw and brow area that sticks out. The middle of their nose (nasal bridge) is wide. The collar bones may be missing or abnormally developed Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, state governments across the country temporarily closed schools, colleges, and universities. Based on the current situation, it is uncertain when schools, colleges, and universities will be reopened. Undoubtedly, this is a critical time for the education sector, as several university entrance exams and competitive examinations are held during this period

Fractures in children younger than 18 months - ScienceDirec

In children, complete healing may take as little as three to six weeks. In adults, six to 16 weeks or more are often necessary for a collarbone to heal solidly. Unfortunately, during that time there is no way to completely immobilize a collarbone fracture to keep it from moving and, thus, speed healing, as can be done using a cast on other. All children and youth have the right to happy and healthy lives and deserve access to effective care to prevent or treat any mental health problems that they may develop. However, there is a tremendous amount of unmet need, and health disparities are particularly pronounced for children and youth living in low-income communities, ethnic. I was diagnosed with Hodgkin's disease in April 1996. I was pregnant (Age: 30/31) when my symptoms first started. (I had my baby in January 1996.) I was extremely fatigued. I had night sweats that would saturate the sheets. (I slept on beach towels!) My back would itch so bad that I literally drew blood scratching it. (This drove me crazy!

Children And Broken Bones - HealthyChildren

Kawasaki disease usually affects children between 4 and 9 years of age. It can have serious effects on a child's heart if not diagnosed and treated correctly. With treatment, only 2% of children die from this disease. Call a doctor or go to a hospital's emergency department immediately if one suspects a child may have Kawasaki disease Children with Jeune syndrome, for example, should be monitored in follow-up visits for possible kidney, liver or vision problems. Outlook for rib deformities Your child's long-term outlook will depend greatly on the severity of the rib deformities and whether they are part of a condition associated with other medical issues or risks A branchial cyst is a cavity that is a congenital remnant from embryologic development. A branchial cyst is also called branchial cleft cyst.; It is present at birth on one side of the neck and is located just in front of the large angulated muscle on either side of the neck running from just behind the ear down to the clavicle (collarbone). This muscle is called the sternocleidomastoid muscle 6. Fractured Clavicle. A broken Clavicle, can result in a small lump on collarbone. A clavicle fracture is basically a break in the long, collar bone. It can be very painful and may result in restricted movement of the arm or shoulder. A grinding or crackling sound may also occur when moving the arm

Children may be less able to problem-solve and communicate their ideas. Decreases in cognitive function are likely to persist to some degree. However, it can be hard to know whether the cause is posterior fossa syndrome or if symptoms are due to cognitive late effects related to the tumor or treatment Some babies don't let on what end will ultimately be up until just before birth. But if your full-term baby stays in breech position come delivery day, a vaginal birth can be difficult and maybe impossible. Fortunately, there are steps you and your doctor can take to change direction before you go into labor Children with mild and moderate disabilities of any kind may be integrated in normal schools, severe in special schools/ remedial schools, drop outs who have problems in availing benefits of normal schools can join open schools. All the children with learning disabilities alone are first managed in the normal schools So, this is a really important question and we continue to learn about SARS-CoV-2 virus, the virus that causes COVID-19. There are different types of disease presentation based on the age of the person who is infected by this virus. Luckily, children and adolescents tend to have more mild disease compared to adults and less often in children and adolescents. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is reflux that causes troublesome symptoms or leads to medical complications. The diagnoses of gastroesophageal. Children learn better in their mother tongue. UNESCO has encouraged mother tongue instruction in primary education since 1953 (UNESCO, 1953) and UNESCO highlights the advantages of mother tongue education right from the start: children are more likely to enroll and succeed in school (Kosonen, 2005); parents are more likely to communicate with.